UZI 9mm Sub-Machine Gun Israeli Military Industries (IMI), 1961 Dated.
UZI 9mm Sub-Machine Gun Israeli Military Industries (IMI), 1961 Dated.

Treasures of War

WW2 Militaria

The Battle of the Somme

(Battle of Albert 1st - 13th July 1916)

The official name for the British efforts during the first two weeks fighting

of the battle of the Somme.

The Battle of the Somme (1 July-18 November 1916) was a joint operation between British and French forces intended to achieve a victory over the Germans on the Western Front. This battle remains the most painful and infamous episode of the First World War.

Battle of Albert 1 - 13th July 1916, is the official name for the British efforts during the first two weeks fighting of the battle of the Somme. As such it includes the first day of the Somme, the most costly day in British military history with over 420,000 casualties including nearly 60,000 on the first day alone of which 19,240 British soldiers were killed. The French lost 200,000 men and the Germans nearly 500,000. The Battle of the Somme was the battle that symbolised the horrors of warfare in world war one.

The Somme, has a prominent place in British history and our memory.

Aerial photo looking from Lochnagar Crater towards the village of La Boisselle. British trenches marked in blue, German lines in red.
for more info please visit

Telford's name appears on the above Memorial in Fettes College 

Historically Important Medal Pair

Private Telford Francis Spence 15426
17th Highland Light Infantry.

killed in action on the 1st day of The Battle of the Somme 01/07/1916, aged 19

The medals are un-cleaned, good patination. The silk ribbons are original to the medals, Medals 1914-15 Star, Victory Medal, Telford was issued the War medal as well, which is missing. Correctly named to Private T. Spence, of the 17th. Highland Light Infantry regiment  (City of Glasgow Regiment). He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial,  Departement de la Somme, Picardie, France (Panel 15C)

Born Telford Francis Spence in 1896, in Wolverhampton,England, Son of Elizabeth C and Wilfred L Spence of Alloa, Clackmannanshire, United Kingdom.

Telford went to Fettes College which was a Private education boarding school in City of Edinburgh. He is also documented in the publication The Seventeenth Highland Light Infantry by John W. Arthur.

Serving in France from 22nd November 1915 he was killed in action 1st July 1916 the First Day of the Somme offensive aged 19 years. 


Historically Important Bronze Memorial Plaque

Rifleman Norman Vivian Cowling 301315

1/5th Battalion London Regiment (London Rifle Brigade).

killed in action on the 1st day of The Battle of the Somme 01/07/1916, aged 23 

Bronze Memorial Plaque to Private Norman Vivian Cowling, 1/5th Battalion London Regiment (London Rifle Brigade), a former Electric Lamp Dealers Clerk originally from Brixton, London. Serving in France from 13th October 1915 he was killed in action 1st July 1916 the First Day of the Somme offensive aged 23 years. 

Norman Vivian Cowling was born in Brixton in 1893. The 1911 census records he is a 17 year old Electric Lamp Dealer’s Clerk residing with his father Richard James Cowling an Insurance Clerk, mother Amelia Elizabeth and elder sister Violet. Residing at Denmark Hill when he enlisted, he served in France from 13th October 1915. Killed in action 1st July 1916 the First Day of the Somme offensive aged 23 years. The 1/5th Battalion were part of 169th Brigade 56th (1st London) Division and were on the left of the Division’s unsuccessful attack on Gommecourt on 1st July 1916. The strength of the Battalion before the attack stood at 23 officers and 803 other ranks, at 1700 that evening after returning to the British lines the Battalion unwounded survivors numbered 89 all ranks.

2/Lieutenant R E Petley 1/5th London Regiment recalls –

‘At the time of the assault it was really magnificent the way every man, cool and collected, strolled out through quite a stiff barrage to the tape I had laid down 150 yards out during the night. The smoke lifted for a few seconds when we were out and I noticed men were inclined to bunch on the right. I shouted an order and they shook out as if on Wimbledon Common. The first wave got straight to our objective ECKE without much trouble. We got our wire out and started to consolidate almost immediately. It soon became evident the Huns were bombing uncomfortably near to us on our right, making a barricade we were able to hold the enemy back. At 1630 I was given verbal orders to withdraw. We had about four different enemy bombing parties to hold off as we made our withdrawal. We arrived at the old German front trench where we met the remnants of ‘C’ and ‘D’ companies, we continued to withdraw to our own lines’.

Norman Vivian Cowling is commemorated by name on the Thiepval Memorial, the family were residing at 68 Copleston Road, East Dulwich at the time of his death.

Norman Remembered here: The Fallen of the 1/5th London Regiment.
(London Rifle Brigade),
The MK1 Tank
WW1 Cased Military Cross (M.C.)

For Conspicuous Gallantry, attributed to
Temporary 2nd Lieutenant Samuel Pavey of the Tank Corps.
Issued for Gallantry & devotion to duty at the Drocourt-Quéant Line Near
This Original British MC (Military Cross) was awarded to Samuel Pavey for an acts of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy, comes in its original George V case of issue with ribbon & pin bar. There is also a newspaper cutting of the period detailing his action & another relevant newspaper cutting with regard to the anniversary of the fighting at Delville Wood. to the rear of the MC has his name, Tank corps & the date '2nd Sept.1918' engraved.

F/353 Private Samuel Pavey enlisted on the 17-11-15 to the 19th Battalion Middlesex regiment (Duke of Cambridge’s Own) later transferred to the 17th Battlion Machine Gun Corps S/N 99168, he would have been involved in 1st Day of the Somme offensive, and also The Battle of Delville Wood which the anniversary news paper clipping commemorates, Samuel was transferred to the Tank Corps 25/09/17 as a Lieutenant S/N 99168.

On the 02/05/1916 the Middlesex regiment landed at Le Havre France, Then in November 1917 the Division was moved to Italy but returned to France again in March 1918.

On the 09/08/1916 Samuel received a Shrapnel Wound Left Arm was admitted to Casualty Clearing Station.

In the First World War, The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge’s Own) formed a total of 49 Battalions this was mainly due to a surplus of volunteers seeking to enlist. The Regiment received a total of 81 battle honors,5 Victoria Crosses and lost approximately 12,270 casualties during the course of the war.

The Drocourt-Quéant Line was a set of mutually supporting defensive lines constructed by Germany between the French towns of Drocourt and Quéant during World War I. This defensive system was part of the northernmost section of the Hindenburg Line, a vast German defensive system that ran through northeastern France.
At 5:00 a.m. in the morning on 2 September 1918, Canadian and British forces attacked the Drocourt–Quéant Line supported by tanks and aircraft. In twilight, the Canadian 1st Division attacked the line south-eastwards, on the extreme right, south of the Arras–Cambrai road, The Canadian 4th Division attacked in the centre between Dury and the main road and the British 4th Division attacked south of the River Sensee. Seven Canadians were awarded VCs individually that day. The next day the Germans retreated to the Hindenburg Line with the Allies taking many prisoners. The Canadian and British troops then moved on to their next battle, the Battle of Canal du Nord. It was attacked and captured by Canadian and British troops in the closing months of the war as part of Canada's Hundred Days of successful offensive campaigning that helped end the war.

Samuel's gallantry on this day is listed in the Tank Corps Book of Honour 1916 - 1919
'Which states':

T. 2nd Lieut. Pavey Samuel. 14th Battn. Awarded M.C.
Near Villers-les-Cagnicourt, on September 2, this officer displayed very conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. While mopping up the Quant-Drocurt line his tank was knocked out by a direct hit. Shortly afterwards, finding another tank which was still mobile, though all its crew except two men had become casualties, he raised a fresh crew and took it over. Proceeding towards his second objective, he cleared up the above village and rallied. On being again called on for help by infantry, although he had been very badly shaken by his first direct hit and was now much exhausted, he took his tank into action for the third time, and approached a factory which had held up the infantry for some time.
Another direct hit knocked out this second tank, but he established a strong point, and by his fire drove a large number of German machine-gunners out of the factory. At this period he was unsupported by the infantry and alone.

also this is briefly described in the original newspaper cutting, and was also printed in the London Gazette 11 January 1919
Samuel Pavey's military exploits have also been told in The Victor Comic issue no: 1321, June 14th 1986, true stories that were told on the front and back covers of the comics.
The 14th Battalion, originally, N Battalion, formed in the Autumn of 1917; deployed to France and formed part of 4th Tank Brigade; fought at Amiens (8th Aug) with the Canadian corps on their right wing (2nd Division) "All came into action with good effect; the second objective was gained soon after 10 a.m. with sixteen arriving, Losses were lighter, only 5 being knocked out". Later on 23rd August fought with 3rd Tank Brigade as part of the fight to regain the old Somme battlefields. Then on the 4th November, remnants of the Battalion fought at the Forest of Mormal

note: This medal was originally bought at auction nearly 30 years ago still has its 24th June 1987 dated brown packaging from the reputable auction firm Glendining & Co of Blenheim Street, London
Historically Important Medal group

Private Raymond Cleveland 13893
Gloucestershire Regiment.

killed in action on the 3rd day of The Battle of the Somme 03/07/1916, aged 21
The medals are un-cleaned and mounted to a bar, good patination. The silk ribbons are original to the medals and all medals are correctly named, and showing some use. Medal trio 1914-15 Star, War Medal, Victory Medal. to Private R. Cleveland, Gloucestershire Regiment, 8th Service Battalion. He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial,  Departement de la Somme, Picardie, France (Pier and Face 5A and 5B)

Born Raymond Frederick Phillips Cleveland, 9th June 1895 at Islington, London, Son of Frederick Montgomery Cleveland and Jeannie Cleveland née Wight of 23 St Winifreds Road, Teddington, Lived at 21 Raleigh Road, Richmond and 5 Tennyson Road, Leyton, Essex. Enlisted Wandsworth, Surrey.


Historically Important Bronze Memorial Plaque

Private Aubrey Benniston 12/593

12th Sheffield City Battalion York & Lancashire Regiment.

Pals Battalions

killed in action on the 1st day of The Battle of the Somme 01/07/1916, aged 25

Bronze Memorial Plaque to Private Aubrey Benniston, 12th Sheffield City Battalion

York & Lancashire Regiment.

Aubrey Benniston was born in York Sheffield in 1892. The 1911 census records he is a 19 year old Clerk in a Bank, residing with his father James Benniston a Director of a confectionery company, mother Fanny Benniston, elder sister Olive (25) elder brothers Frank (24) and Kenneth (22). Residing at 308 Western Bank Sheffield York, Also recorded on the census was a live in Servant.

On the 21/05/1916 Transferred to 94th Field Ambulance with German measles, returned to action 04/06/1916.

He served in France from 13th October 1915. He was killed in action during disastrous attack on Serre, 1st July 1916 the First Day of the Somme offensive aged 25.


Serre was one of the strongly fortified villages held by the Germans at the beginning of the Battle of the Somme. The village, about five miles north of Albert, marked the most northern point of the main attack on the 1st of July 1916.

The name of Serre has come to be linked closely with several of the 'Pals' battalions, which suffered very heavy losses in the attacks made here. The Pals battalions were part of Kitchener's Army, and they were formed in specific towns or cities, where battalions were raised following the call to arms. As many of those who enlisted were friends, colleagues or relations, the idea was that by enlisting together in the local Pals battalions they would stay together during their service.

The casualty lists that came back after the 1st of July 1916 devastated some of the communities which had sent these Pals battalions. As friends, colleagues and relations had joined up together, so they often died together, and families, streets and whole communities grieved together when the telegrams arrived.

Private James Rushton G/11355

2nd Battalion Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment).

Boy Soldier Gallipoli veteran, Landed in Gallipoli 16/6/15 at only 17 years old.

Killed in action on the 4th day of The Battle of the Somme 04/07/1916, aged 18

Bronze Memorial Plaque and trio of medals to Private James Rushton G/11355 of the 2nd Battalion Royal Fusiliers (London Regiment). Before enlisting James was an errand boy living with his parents William & Emma Rushton, residing at No. 1 Enderley street, Newcastle-under-Lyme, James enlisted in Newcastle, he landed in Gallipoli on the 16/05/15 he was evacuated to Egypt January 1916, Landed at Marseilles France March 1916. James Survived the 1st day of the battle of the Somme at Hawthorn Ridge, but sadly was killed in action on the 4th July 1916 the Fourth Day of the Somme offensive aged 18 years. He is commemorated by name on the Thiepval Memorial.

James Rushton was born in Silverdale in 1898. His date of birth is listed as the first quarter of 1898, The 1911 census records him as a 13 year old errand boy, residing at 43 Hatrell St, Newcastle, Staffordshire with his father William Rushton a labourer, mother Emma Rushton, elder brother David a Tram conductor  & sister Florrie, younger sisters Mary & Louisa and young brother Joseph. 

Princess Mary Christmas 1914 Gift tin Complete

The Princess Mary Gift Fund box is an embossed brass box, and this one is in lovely condition unpolished and complete with its original 20 Cigarettes & Tobacco packs, Cigarette pack open but all there, Christmas Card/envelope & Photograph of Princess Mary. There is also a 1914 Queen Mary & King George in Army uniform with a Christmas card with message on the reverse, and a scarce Bullet Pencil Monogrammed 1909 MkVI case by Royal Laboratories with sharpened pencil. Mary monogram is lightly but clearly struck on this example. Nice Patina, 

It was Princess Mary's express wish that 'every sailor afloat and every soldier at the front' should have the present. The gifts were devised in October 1914 and intended for distribution to all who were serving overseas or at sea, in time for Christmas 1914; afterwards, with the fund in surplus and many feeling they had been ‘left out’, distribution was extended more widely – to all who were serving, whether at home or abroad, and to prisoners of war and the next of kin of 1914 casualties. This widened eligibility to an estimated figure of 2,620,019.

1915 British Army Issue Prismatic Compass
Named To K.S.L.I.Officer

A Verners pattern prismatic compass 1915 dated and broad arrow  with its original leather case in very good condition. Compass made in Switzerland by Koehn with broad arrow mark, case made by J.B.Brook Co Ltd 1915 and faint arrow, personalised faint hand written name and Regiment, its not easy to make out but looks like C.O.M.SH.W. FOYERS K.S.L.I.
for the Kings Shropshire Light Infantry.
Scarce early WW1 Officers Trench Watch with CLIMAX leather strap.

A beautiful Great War officers wrist watch, the case is made of sterling silver with a good quality Swiss movement; the face is in lovely condition no chips or airline cracks. It comes on its original leather officers strap "Reg No" stamped in the middle of the back of the flared section, with "CLIMAX" in a curve above and the number 529337 in a curve below, together with MADE IN ENGLAND , the watch is in superb working order, it has been cleaned and serviced, inside the case its marked 9.25 with an import hallmarks and the letter 'd'. It is quite amazing to think this watch has marked time for 100 years and what it must have seen in its life!!
WW1 British 1903 Pattern Souvenir Belt (HATE BELT)

Using an issued 1903 Pattern belt, this souvenir belt of the WW1 Tommy features a number of British cap badges, collar dogs, buttons and rank badges. All of have been carefully attached and secured onto a manufacturer marked belt, The Blackman Leather Goods Ltd. 173 Bermondsey St. SE 1. has a great patina.
Among collectors of military memorabilia, the so called
HATE BELTS, I prefer the term souvenir belts, have always been desirable, during the war and just after, Allied soldiers were known for their love of souvenir collecting in the Great War.
WW1 British 18 Pounder Shell , 1917 Dated 

A superb WW1 artillery shell being the famous 18 Pounder used extensively by British forces in WW1. Marked to the body ' IX 18Pr VSMW 9 17 '. VSM denotes the manufacturer Vickers , Sons & Maxim & ' 9 17 ' the date September 1917. Comes with brass fuse which can be stripped down completely. 
Scarce WW1 1915 On War Service Brass Badge
Mappin & Webb Boxed

This is the third variant of the 'on war service' badge, 1914 was round and enamelled, early 1915 was this shape but also enamelled but by the end of '15 had been changed to the more cost effective plain brass style. These badges were issued by the ministry of munitions.
This one has the recipients number on the back 25061 and unusually it was made by the famous silversmiths Mappin & Webb Ltd of Sheffield and London, it even comes in its original Mappin box with the matching issue number on the front. Comes in very good condition, measures 1.75 inches long.
Original Somme Relic No: 85 Fuse

Original WW1 dated 1916 British no: 85 Fuse with dramatic Battle Damage, Found in the area of Mouquet Farm which was a part of the Battle of the Somme. This is an amazing piece of history, which would have rained down on the enemy during the Battle of Mouquet Farm.

‘On War Service’ badge Group with Certificate & photo

This is interesting group as it has its original certificate that would have accompanied all badges when issued, 

this badge is named to George Bott who was employed by Thomas Cox Ltd, his number was 81544 and this is repeated on the back of the badge which was made by Gaunt of London, also with it is a photograph of George proudly sporting his badge.

These small, metal pin badges were worn by civilians during the First World War in order to indicate that the person wearing it was on engaged in important war-work. Several of these badges were officially produced and distributed nationally but many more were produced privately by employing companies to support their employees.

Before conscription was introduced in 1916, the army relied on voluntary recruitment. It was assumed by many that a man not in uniform was avoiding joining up and was therefore often accused of shirking their duty to their country. The famous white feather campaign saw men not in uniform presented with a white feather as a symbol of cowardice.

WW1 No:5 Mill grenade 

The body has a shield logo, the maker made by Castings Ltd, Selbourne Street, Walsall England.

The Mills was a classic design; a grooved cast iron "pineapple" with a central striker held by a close hand lever and secured with a pin. According to Mills's notes, the casing was grooved to make it easier to grip and not as an aid to fragmentation, and in practice it has been demonstrated that it does not shatter along the segmented lines. The Mills was a defensive grenade: after throwing the user had to take cover immediately. A competent thrower could manage 15 metres (49 feet) with reasonable accuracy, but the grenade could throw lethal fragments farther than this. The British Home Guard were instructed that the throwing range of the No. 36 was about 30 yards with a danger area of about 100 yds.

Original WWI Hindoostan Leicestershire Regiment Cap Badge.

Very nice WW1 Hindoostan Leicestershire Cap Badge. Metal badge, with slider to reverse. 

The emblem of the Royal Tiger and 'Hindoostan' was awarded to the regiment in 1825 in recognition of its service in India from 1804 to 1823.

In the First World War, the regiment increased from five to nineteen battalions which served in France and Flanders,

The 1st Battalion suffered terrible losses at the Battle of the Somme in July 1916.

WW1 Service Pattern officers pocket watch  H. WILLIAMSON LTD

A good example of an early World War 1 Service Pattern officers pocket watch. Full matching numbers, the dial is marked H. WILLIAMSON LTD LONDON 27487F. It has black roman numeral hour markers and unusually the subsidiary second dial is at 3 o clock position. The screw-back case is stamped with the broad arrow and 27487F, the side of the case also marked  27487F broad arrow. The case is typical silver plated nickel with a light mark to back case. It is stamped to the inside MADE IN ENGLAND DENNISON WATCH CASES. The lever movement is marked 7 jewels Warranted English. Unfortunately the watch is in a poor state, the face is damaged, missing the glass and its a non-running, but all part of the watches history.